Vaginal discharge

What is vaginal discharge?

All women have vaginal discharge to some extent and it is absolutely normal.

The vaginal walls, uterine and cervix contain glands that produce a small amount of fluid that helps to keep the vagina clean. Normal vaginal discharge is typically clear or milky white in colour and does not have an unpleasant odour.

The amount and type of vaginal discharge varies between women such that no two people will have the same experience.

A change in vaginal discharge, either from abnormal colour, consistency, or smell  with or  without other symptoms such as irritation, pain during urination or itch could be a sign of an  infection.

A small amount of vaginal discharge is a reflection of the body’s normal cleansing process.  You will usually start noticing vaginal discharge when you reach adolescence/puberty.

What is normal vaginal discharge?

Normal vaginal discharge is usually clear or milky white in colour and odourless. The amount and consistency of normal vaginal discharge can vary individually and also depending on where you are in your menstrual cycle.



Usually during Day 14-16 (mid cycle) of your menstrual cycle, you may notice profuse, egg white consistency discharge which is associated with ovulation. More often, this can be accompanied with a slight tinged of blood (mid cycle bleeding). The good news is that this is a sign of fertility and would increase your chances of pregnancy if you have sex during this period.

What is abnormal vaginal discharge?

Abnormal vaginal discharge is when there is a change in your ‘normal’ vaginal discharge, ranging from a change in colour, consistency or smell.

This would usually signal the presence of an infection which could include:

Candida (Yeast/vaginal thrush)

Bacterial vaginosis




Remember, infections like trichomoniasis, Chlamydia and gonorrhoea are considered sexually transmitted infections, while infections such as candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis are not considered sexually transmitted.

If you have noticed a change in your vaginal discharge or worried that it isn’t normal, see your doctor for further advice. If needed, swab tests can be performed to confirm the presence of any infection. Last but certainly not least, the majority of these infections are easily treatable.

Click here for our full range of Women’s Health Services


Need more advice?

Come down to Our Clinics for a discussion with Our Doctors, or call our clinics for more information:

Singapore Branches


Where to find us – here

Selected clinics are open on Saturday and Sunday.


All Our Doctors are Fully Certified and Trained to conduct specialised STD Screening,  STD Testing & STD Treatment and HIV Testing.

For lady patients who prefer female doctors, we have professional certified female Doctors to attend to your medical needs.


Related Topics:

Vaginal Bleeding in Early Pregnancy

Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding

Trying to Conceive – A ladies’ quick guide to preconception preparation

Sex during Menstruation – The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

Sex During Pregnancy – How safe is it?

Missed periods – A sign of fertility as well as infertility

Bleeding After Sex – When to worry


  1. Unknown

    I have been having period and towards the end when my period, I used panty liner as there are little brown blood and discharge. I noticed it has a sweet and metallic smell and today when I was clearing the dust bin in the toilet, I noticed ants on the disposed panty liners. Does this indicate I may be diabetic?

    • We cannot really make any conclusions based on what you’ve described. Best to see a doctor if you are concerned – a urine dipstick or capillary glucose check can be done rapidly and give you an indication, or perhaps make some time to do a health screening.

  2. Curious

    I feel itchy around the vagina and the lips at night and pass dark yellow urine in the morning. Also i keep seeing ants coming for my panties that has my vaginal discharge. What could be the reason?

    • Dr. Julian Ng


      Vaginal itch and discharges could be due to yeasts infection but given your observation that there are ants on your underwear, the other medical condition that needs to be ruled out is diabetes as persons with diabetes are more prone to yeast infections as well. My suggestion would be to visit your doctor for further evaluation of your symptoms.

  3. hi doctor, my mensuration cycle is 27/28 days and it last for 3 or 4 days, I had sex on the fifth day of my last period day and also during one of my most fertile days. now am seeing white thick gummy and threadlike vaginal discharge but odourless. pls am I pregnant? though still expecting my pregnant by next month

  4. Dear Doctor,
    I just got off of my period a few days ago and I’ve been having brown/black discharge for the past two days. There’s no smell to it, and I think it might be dried blood. My left side is cramping. My mother had sists on her ovaries and I should be getting looked at in about 6 months to see if I have them. What could be going on and do you think it could have something to do with my mother or maybe an std? Any information would be helpful and even help to ease my mind.

    • Dr Elaine Loh

      Hi Mary. I suggest you see a doctor to get a consultation and testing done. It may be an infection.

      Our location

  5. Hi doctor my girlfriend have miky white discharge and have itching during discharge…it occurs about 6 times a day please can you tell me what it is?

  6. Dear Doctor,

    I’m worried as I had yeast infection for the first time in my life on 11 July 2016. That is 5 days after having sex with my recent ex for the first time (6 July 2016). We stopped having sex on 18 September 2016. I have seen my GP on 14 July 2016 and have been given a 1 time insert pill.

    However, the yeast infection keeps coming back and it has been around since 11 July 2016 until today, 8 December 2016.
    Between this period, I received insert pills for yeast infection thrice.

    My vaginal discharge varies from small quantity of whitish yellow thick discharge to larger quantity of yellowish thick discharge and lastly, large quantity of light green thick discharge. (It’s almost light neon). I experienced burning sensation when I pee and walk, itch, and discomfort and I had to change my panty liners 5 times a day.

    My GP advised me to go for testing should the yeast infection persist. So I went to get tested on 30 August 2016. I’m tested positive for Candida. But negative for the following: Bacterial Vaginosis, Trichomonas Vaginalis, Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea. My Pap Smear result is normal. On 1 October 2016, I tested negative for HIV.

    But the problem persist. It has been 5 months, I’ve tried the probiotic pills from Pharmacy for 3 months but it doesn’t work. The only time between this period that it doesn’t look so obvious that I’m suffering from this issue is when I’m having my period. The small quantity of whitish yellow to large quantity of light green discharge continues.

    I experienced sharp pain at my lower right abdomen twice on different days in September 2016. It lasted for about 15 minutes each.

    After research online, I’m worried that I would get PID and UTI. And it could be mycoplasma that the clinic I went for STD testing did not screen.

    However, I must add that I am positive for Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2. I got it from a previous ex from 4 years ago but I did not have this strange discharge until 4 months ago from today on 11 July 2016. It goes on every single day except when I’m having my period when it’s not so obvious.

    Please let me know how much is the consulting fees plus screening and if I’m able to do the screenings on my first visit to your clinic. I would like to screen for other STDs/STI/bacteria that I tested negative for, as well as PID (with ultra sound?) I hope I can book an appointment for the screening soon.

    Please kindly advice, I’m looking forward to your help.

  7. Hi doc. Please help me. I have a brown and black vaginal discharge and it’s not yet my menstrual period. It’s been two days now. I never had an intercourse with someone but I always do masturbation using my hands at least once to twice a week. Does it cause infection? What does black discharge mean?

    • Brown and black discharge usually means changed blood. So blood that is not fresh. This could be coming from your uterus or cervix. You should see a doctor to see where the bleeding is coming from.

      • xesislyf

        Thank you for your reply Doc. Luckily, the dark discharge I had just lasted for 6 days and I think everything is okay now. But I have one last questions Doc, is it okay to masturbate? Or does it cause infection? Should I stop it?

        • It is perfectly normal and healthy to masturbate. You cannot infect yourself. If you are using an object or sex toy, please make sure you clean it properly before use. Preferably, sex toys are exclusive and you do not share it with anyone else. Because it is possible to get an infection if you do.

          • jamila

            I’m 21 and I’m having some brownish discharges and is like a mucus stain, it has unpleasant smell, and it has happen for some months now, please i need your help

          • I suggest you see a doctor for an assessment. Discharge could be due to a number of reasons, one of which is an infection. It is best to get a doctor’s assessment done.
            You can visit any of our clinics here: LOCATIONS

  8. I’m 15 and me and my boyfriend had sex when I got home I noticed stretchy jelly like clear discharge with a little blood we’ve had sex before but I’ve never had this I’m a little sore which i thought was fairly normal but I’m not sure about the discharge i took his virginity and know I’m clean so it’s not an sti could it be because it was rougher this time than before?

  9. I have a brown discharge no smeel but in every morning bad smell

  10. Harley Penatzer

    I am sexually active but haven’t had alot of partners I am experiencing a brownish bloody kinda discharge and on occasion when I pee I smell dirty socks. I’m also experiencing pain in my lower back. I went to the emergency room about a month ago and they told me I had a UTI which I took antibiotics for. Is it possible that the discharge and smell come from a UTI that’s returned?

  11. Hello,

    So, I’ve been having vaginal discharges that are slightly yellow and white, is that normal. And I’m also sexually active, but me and my girlfriend never had sex with anyone else except ourselves. Is this normal? And is it bad of if my girlfriend tasted it?

  12. Hello doctor, I am 10 days late from my period I would like to know if this is normal( not pregent of course)

    • That is such a strange question. Do you think it is normal? The most common cause of a delayed period is pregnancy. Although there can be many other causes such as stress, medical diseases, hormonal imbalance etc. You can always do a home pregnancy test to find out if you are pregnant or not.

  13. edith

    Hi Doctor, so I recently had sex but the guy was a virgin. The day after my vagina felt kind of swollen and uncomfortable, the swelling has went down but I do have discharge that is clear or sometimes is slightly yellow, my vagina is not itchy but it does get irrated at time, what could it be?

    • drtan

      Yellow discharge could mean an infection. You should see your doctor to get some swab tests done to see what your problem is.

  14. I don’t have any issue with my discharge. But I have severe itching not on my vaginal but on the pubic hair area. I would like to check where should I go to seek for treatment. Thank you.

  15. I have a very itchy vagina and vaginal lips.It has been more than 2 weeks.I tried all natural remedy even took medicine for worms thinking that it is pin worms in vagina.I am in my 5th day of my period. Still having itching. It is worst at night.i dont have tendancy to itch when i am out.But at home always itchy. I am 29 years old and living with partner with kid.

  16. Hi, I’ve been having fishy kind of odour from my discharge. My discharge is in white liquid kind and sometimes yellowish in colour whevenevr I wore a pantyliner.. it doesn’t itch nor feel pain at all and it has been a month.. what could be the cause of it?

  17. I am 9w4d pregnant and have had brown discharge off and on for the past 5 weeks. I also have a subchorionic hemorrhage that was measured at 1.5cm at my last prenatal appointment two weeks ago. This morning I had a huge chunk of brown discharge come out when I wiped. I have no cramping and have had no bright red spotting or bleeding. What could this be?
    I’ve only been with one man, my husband, but still have no std’s and no sign of infection. Could this be the SCH?

    • Hi, bleeding in pregnancy could be due to a lot of reasons including SCH. As you are pregnant, you should let your gynae know about this as soon as possible for further follow up and management of your bleeding and symptoms as the priority at this point is your pregnancy.

  18. Hello,

    I’ve been having strange vaginal discharge that’s yellowish, and kind of thick, but it doesn’t have any foul oder. I take birth control, I am sexually active. What could this be? Again theres no weird smell associated with stds or anything else

    • Hi, if your vaginal discharge is different from what you normally experience, it could be a sign of infection. Not all infection are caused by STDs. Sometimes, birth control can also alter your vaginal discharge. The only way to tell if the vaginal discharge is normal or not is to get tested to make sure there is no underlying infection. You should see a doctor or feel free to visit us if your symptoms persist.

      • Hi could you help? 6 days before my period was due i was light bleeding.. it went from brown rusty colour to dark to light but was only bleeding for 2 days.. i am now 1 day late from my period. i have been getting some clear / white discharge. me and my partner are sexually active. could i be pregnant? if so when should i take a test?

        • Yes you could. You should do a pregnancy test if you period is late for 2 weeks.

  19. Hi Dr, I went for a checkup and found out that I have vaginal yeast infection. Would I pass it to my boyfriend? We would always use a condom but is there a risk? What would be the symptoms if he has it?

    • Dr Elaine Loh

      Vaginal candidiasis is not considered an STD but can still be sexually transmitted. We all know condoms all never 100%. He may have itch or swelling if he gets infected.

      • Hi doc is whitish to slight yellowish vaginal discharge normal after inserting Gyno-Travogen for yeast infection? It’s quite a large amount.


  1. Women Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) - DTAP @Kuala Lumpur - […] Vaginal Discharge […]
  2. Brown Vaginal Discharge: Brown Period Blood Explained - […] Source: […]
  3. Significant Aspects In Yeast Infection Considered | Candida Treatments…….. - […] symptoms of this disease. In fact everything was the same and produces rather itchy, painful and annoying. A man…