Genital Herpes

Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is a common and highly contagious infection that is usually sexually transmitted. Even though genital herpes is usually caused by herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2), it is also possible to be caused by herpes simplex virus -1 (HSV-1), the virus usually responsible for cold sores. Genital herpes transmission can happen via any kind of sex – genital to genital, oral to genital, and genital to anal.     Will I always have symptoms? More often than not, most patients infected with herpes simplex virus (HSV) do not present with...

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Vaginal Infection

Although they may have different symptoms, a diagnosis can be tricky even for an experienced doctor. Part of the problem is that you could have more than one at the same time. Let us check out the Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Vaginal infection.   What are the symptoms of a vaginal infection? Vaginal infections can manifest in many varied ways. The commonest symptoms that women present with include: 1) Abnormal vaginal discharge 2) Vaginal itching  &  anal itching 3) Pain/Discomfort of the vaginal & anal skin 4) Pain on...

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Intrauterine device (IUD)

An intrauterine device is a form of long term contraceptive device that is inserted into the womb. IUDs are usually small ‘T’ shaped devices. It is the most effective reversible long term contraception available. Types of IUD available: 1. Copper IUD The copper IUD is able to provide long term contraception for up to 5 years. It works by damaging sperms so that fertilization is disrupted. Copper also acts as a spermicide within the uterus, disrupting the motility and viability of sperms. Besides acting as a form of long term...

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Pain during Sex

Pain during sex – Shall we talk about it? Dyspareunia or painful sex can be very distressing to couples. The pain can be experienced just before (superficial), during or after (deep) sexual intercourse. This can happen to both sexes, but it is usually more common in women. Unfortunately many people who suffer from this condition do not seek medical attention and suffer in silence. Not only it can potentially affect the relationship with your partner, it could be a sign of an underlying medical condition that may potentially cause...

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HIV testing in pregnant women

In the US there are approximately 50,000 new cases of HIV infection per year. Of these, approximately 150 involve vertical transmission from mother to child whilst the mother was still pregnant. In Singapore the number of new cases of HIV reported in 2014 was approximately 118 per million resident population. In Singapore, between 2008- 2014, there were only 2 reported cases of vertical transmission with none occurring within the last 4 years. Although we can see that vertical transmission makes up a small percentage of the overall infection...

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