Video on the HIV Window Period and Test Accuracy

HIV Window Period and Test Accuracy ” Hi, I’m Dr Tan from Dr Tan and Partners. Today we are going to talk about the HIV Window Period and the Accuracy of HIV tests. This has understandably caused a lot of confusion. The HIV Window Period is the time from when a person is infected with HIV to when our tests can tell us that he or she is infected with HIV. This means if a person who is infected does a test during this so-called window period, the test will tell us he is NOT infected with HIV even though he is. This is called a false...

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HIV testing in pregnant women

In the US there are approximately 50,000 new cases of HIV infection per year. Of these, approximately 150 involve vertical transmission from mother to child whilst the mother was still pregnant. In Singapore the number of new cases of HIV reported in 2014 was approximately 118 per million resident population. In Singapore, between 2008- 2014, there were only 2 reported cases of vertical transmission with none occurring within the last 4 years. Although we can see that vertical transmission makes up a small percentage of the overall infection...

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HIV Prevention

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that destroys your immune system, causing life-threatening infections and cancers, therefore leading to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). It has been about 30 years since HIV was discovered as the cause of AIDS. Back in the days when HIV/AIDS was first discovered, it was a total mystery. No one knew how it happened and no treatment was available. It was basically a death sentence, and people died within weeks or months after being diagnosed. We have come a long way since then. People...

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Video on HIV Signs and Symptoms

HIV Signs and Symptoms HIV symptoms vary depending on individual and stage of disease. Acute Retroviral Syndrome – ARS 2 to 4 weeks after initial HIV infection a person may start developing symptoms. This is called acute retroviral syndrome or ARS. Common symptoms of ARS include fever, swollen glands, sore throat, rash, fatigue, body pains and headache. You should not assume you have HIV if you have any of these symptoms. These symptoms can be also caused by other illnesses. Conversely, not everyone who is infected with HIV develops...

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Video on HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxis PEP

What is HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)? In this video, Dr Sii will discuss HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP). PEP are medicines given to a person after a high risk HIV exposure to minimize the risk of him/her getting infected with HIV. Common high risk HIV exposure scenarios include having unprotected sex with a casual partner or sex worker, or condom breaks or slips. PEP has to be started within 72 hours after the exposure. It is up to 99% effective in preventing a HIV infection. Most people tolerate the treatment very well...

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