HIV testing in pregnant women

In the US there are approximately 50,000 new cases of HIV infection per year. Of these, approximately 150 involve vertical transmission from mother to child whilst the mother was still pregnant. In Singapore the number of new cases of HIV reported in 2014 was approximately 118 per million resident population. In Singapore, between 2008- 2014, there were only 2 reported cases of vertical transmission with none occurring within the last 4 years.   Although we can see that vertical transmission makes up a small percentage of the overall...

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Free PAP smear -1st May 2015 –> 31st July 2015

Good news ladies! As part of the Women’s Gynaecological Awareness Month (WGCAM) Campaign 2015, our clinic has registered as one of the panel clinic offering FREE pap smear! Why is it important to have PAP smear screening? PAP smear screening is performed for early detection of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is the easiest gynaecological cancer to prevent and treat with regular screening and follow up. Cervical cancer is caused by the Human papilloma virus (HPV). There are currently 2 types of HPV vaccines available – cervarix and...

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Intrauterine device (IUD)

An intrauterine device is a form of long term contraceptive device that is inserted into the womb. IUDs are usually small ‘T’ shaped devices. It is the most effective reversible long term contraception available. Types of IUD available: 1. Copper IUD The copper IUD is able to provide long term contraception for up to 5 years. It works by damaging sperms so that fertilization is disrupted. Copper also acts as a spermicide within the uterus, disrupting the motility and viability of sperms. Besides acting as a form of long term...

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Long term contraception

Nowadays, there are a variety of contraceptive methods available. However, in this topic we will be covering the options for long term contraception (LTC). Please check out our previous article on general contraceptive methods.   So why use long term contraception? Firstly LTC has a comparable success rate to the short term options such as the pill. Secondly once the LTC has been put into place it provides effective action for up to 5 years, which means that remembering to take pills everyday is a thing of the past. Thirdly, these methods...

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My Child & I : The Coughing Child

One of the most common reasons for concerned parents visiting the doctor is a coughing child. Coughs are one of the most frequently encountered symptoms in the primary care setting and when seen in a child can be a source of great anxiety. We’ll try to address some common causes of cough here as well as present some remedies that may be of use. What is a cough? Simply put, a cough is a reflexive action that tries to expel irritants out of the lungs. It does this by creating a rapid burst of exhaled air. Coughs are triggered by airway...

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